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Early presidential speech missed, AI study reveals

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After a month of protests against inequality at times Chile may be on its way to peace.

A bipartisan coalition of political parties said it would support next year’s constitutional referendum to decide whether and how Chile’s 1980 constitution should be changed in response to protesters’ demands.

Read more: Estallido social en Chile: discursos de Piñera bajo la lupa de la inteligencia invention

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Chile’s protest movement, which left about 23 people dead, according to the Attorney General’s office. It started on Oct. 18, 2019 by avoiding many fares on the Santiago Metro. After an increase of 30 Chilean pesos, or about $0.04 at rush hour prices

That day, which ended with 20 subway stations and more than 15 buses set on fire across the capital. President Sebastian Pinera gave his first critical moment speech to the people of Chile: he declared a state of emergency in Santiago.

next week Pinera will deliver a series of speeches aimed at quelling the crisis. but not successful

All Presidential Speeches

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Protests, looting and fires broke out in the cities. After the riots in Santiago Resulting in a nationwide curfew imposed on Oct. 19, Chile’s armed forces took to the streets in an effort to restore order and prevent – during designated periods – free movement through the streets.

An anti-government protester stands on an armored police vehicle during a protest in Santiago, Chile. 19 Nov. 2019.
AP Photo / Esteban Felix

That day, President Pinera announced that he would suspend the fare increase. Still, the violence continued. On October 20, the first protest-related deaths were reported in Chile. and human rights organizations began to report condemn abuse of power.

That night, at a press conference at a military base, Pinera spoke of what would become the scandal: “We are at war with a powerful enemy,” he said.

This message caused a powerful reaction of citizens. throughout Chile People took to the streets and on social media in peaceful protest, declaring:#noestamosenguerra” – #wearenotatwar

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this negative response This was coupled with protesters’ calls to fight Chile’s extreme inequality. This caused Pinera to change her attitude completely.

On Tuesday, Oct. 22, the president of Chile delivered his fourth speech in as many days. First, he apologized to the country for his previous speech. He then announced short-term measures to combat inequality.

Analysis and Key Concepts

Javier Mansilla and Claudio Manríquez, industrial civil engineers at Chile’s Universidad del Bío-Bío, analyzed Piñera’s speeches during the first weeks of the Chilean crisis.

Feed captions from a video of Piñera’s speech posted on YouTube into an artificial intelligence system powered by mathematical algorithms and computer science models specialized in sentiment analysis. They studied the President’s Message from Friday, October 18, Saturday, October 19, and Sunday, October 20, and Tuesday, October 22.

Manríquez, a data scientist at digital data processing firm Krino, said the aim was to understand how “Phrases are different from speeches. How are they related?”

“This study helps us understand the position of the president and his attitude in different situations. without having to listen to each word,” adds Mansilla, CEO and founder of Krino.

To study the feelings reflected in Pinera’s presidential speeches, Mansilla and Manríquez refer to Robert Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions, a model of emotional intelligence that defines eight basic emotions: fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, and hope. Pleasure and acceptance, these combine to develop higher emotions.

They found Piñera’s words to be more optimistic when he asked for forgiveness and announced measures to combat inequality in his fourth speech. But showed a huge degree of fear in his first speech, declaring a state of emergency.

Key Emotions Found in President Sebastián Piñera’s Speech
source: Krino

AI-powered emotion analysis also helped the researchers distinguish words with positive connotations, such as “rights” and “liberty,” from those with connotations, such as “war” and “violence.”

in terms of balance Four of Pinera’s speeches were more positive than negative. This might be a surprising discovery. Given what is clear about the depth of Chile’s crisis,

However, in a speech on Oct. 20, when the Chilean president announced that “We are at war” only 23.7% of his words had a positive connotation. The remarks were accompanied by a WhatsApp recording of Pinera’s wife describing the Chilean scene as “a tragedy”. “Alien invasion” suggests that Chile’s leadership misinterpreted the crisis in the country.

Positive and Negative Emotions Detected in President Sebastián Piñera’s Speech During the First Week of the Crisis in Chile
source: Krino

make quick decisions

Using artificial intelligence to process massive amounts of raw data is nothing new.

AI systems are being used to catch pedestrians crossing the street. Developing China’s military intelligence Continuously improving cybersecurity and train machines to replace human labor

Chilean researchers say using an AI system to analyze the unexplained emotions behind official speeches is a new technique.

Claudio Manríquez said, “It was an opportunity through unstructured oral interviews and surveys. to find out how the person feels about a particular topic by identifying their mood and tone,” says Claudio Manríquez.

Manríquez and Mansilla saw education as they did. This allows the speech to be processed and interpreted without looking at it all. Useful for political communication.

“It’s no longer necessary to look in a mirror to know what emotion we’re conveying,” Mansilla said, adding that the technology could also help people. “Make quick decisions, like knowing whether I should invest in the stock market or not. according to the sentiment found in the president’s speech.”

Restoring peace in Chile after a months-long political crisis will certainly be a long process. And with more presidential speeches to come soon, perhaps AI analysis of emotions and feelings will help Piñera better lead the recovery.

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